There are deep historical connections related to the recent bell ringing. The bell was cast in 1839, 50 years after the ratification of the US Constitution, for the then new second building of the Ludlow Congregational Church located on High Street. It was cast by Major George Holbrook, At a young age Holbrook was apprenticed to Paul Revere, who recent researchers using social network analysis techniques have identified at the center of the revolutionary group in Boston. The bell rung throughout the Abraham Lincoln Administration, including the period in which the President fought to have Congress pass the 13th Amendment, the focus of the recent film “Lincoln”. That amendment ended slavery by legally severing the “peculiar institution” from the law of the land. However, it was failed implementation of the spirit and meaning of the 13th Amendment, in Dr. King’s words, the unfulfilled “promissory note,” that resulted in the Civil Rights Movement and his rise to the spokesperson for it. The ringers have experienced and celebrated “progress” toward universal application of Jefferson’s words in Declaration of Independence, spirit of the 13th Amendment, and Dr. King’s “Dream”, but all believe there is much work yet to do to bring these visions to fruition.